China has been experiencing unprecedented urbanization for decades, driven by the nation’s urban dream. Sustainable urbanization is regarded as a policy priority in China due to its synergetic effects on driving regional development, enabling economic growth, increasing citizens' well-being, and mitigating environmental threats. However, urban sustainability transition is a long-term, multi-dimensional, and fundamental transformation process that requires changes in many urban sectors in a systematic matter and exerts broader effects on rural areas through intensive and interactive urban-rural links. Although there is theoretical and empirical importance of studying China’s urbanization to reveal the drivers, barriers, opportunities, and actors’ roles in multi-dimensional on-going processes, studying these intricate changes is a challenging task, calling for interdisciplinary collaboration across scholars from diverse research backgrounds.